Marco Arment just linked to this great article about how everyone plays Monopoly wrong. If you read the actual rules, it’s a completely different game than the one you likely grew up with — one that moves much, much quicker.
Five things I never knew about Monopoly’s official rules:
1. If a player decides not to buy a property, it immediately goes up for auction by the bank and is sold to the highest bidder. This blew my mind.
2. Houses must be built, and sold, evenly across a color-group. For example, you can’t build three houses on Park Place without having two houses on Boardwalk first.
3. It’s the property owner’s responsibility to ask for rent. If you forget to ask for rent before the end of the next player’s turn, you’re out of luck.
4. Rent is doubled on properties without houses in a monopoly.
5. Income tax is calculated from your total net worth, including all properties and buildings, not just your cash. And you have to decide whether to pay 10% or $200 before you add it up.
While these official rules gradually disappeared from common play, other unofficial “house rules” came to take their place. We always put funds collected from Chance/Community Chest cards into a “kitty” that was given to whoever landed on Free Parking. Many others gave $400 when landed on “Go,” or didn’t allow rent to be collected while in jail.
Many of us learned Monopoly like we learned the rules of dodgeball or rock-scissors-paper — spread by word-of-mouth from family and friends.
It’s interesting to see a commercial game see the same sort of cultural variation as other children’s folk games.
But maybe that’s appropriate for a game that was itself derived from another board game. Contrary to popular belief, Charles Darrow didn’t invent Monopoly in 1933 from scratch. It was heavily based on The Landlord’s Game, an innovative board game patented in 1904 by Lizzie Magie, to be a “practical demonstration of the present system of land-grabbing with all its usual outcomes and consequences.”
The Landlord’s Game and its variations like “Auction Monopoly” and “The Fascinating Game of Finance” spread by word of mouth throughout the early-20th century with evolving rules and hand-drawn boards, popular among the Quakers and used as a teaching aid for university students.
In 1933, Charles Darrow played a homemade version of The Landlord’s Game printed on oil cloth, saw the market potential, and tried to patent the new “Monopoly” as his own. After finding great success selling handmade versions, he sold the rights to Parker Brothers. Parker Brothers bought Magie’s patent for $500 to have an undisputed claim to the board game, but was threatened by other popular competitors and homemade variations. Through a process of litigation, acquisition, and quiet settlements during the late-1930s, Parker Brothers wiped all the other derivative versions of The Landlord’s Game off the map.
By the 1970s, Parker Brothers’ revisionist history was canon — the official Monopoly rules and a 1974 book on the history of the game stated that the game was created solely by Charles Darrow.
So, when someone says you’re playing Monopoly wrong, tell them you’re playing your own version… just like Darrow did.
Because everything is a remix.
I’m a regular at Meat Cheese Bread, my favorite sandwich shop in Portland. Even though I’m sick and feel like hell, I ventured out to pick up a to-go order today, because their egg salad sandwich makes everything better. John, the owner, was working the counter.
Me: Can I make a suggestion?
Me: You guys should make a sweet tea.
John (emphatically): No.
John: Because it’s disgusting. I make all the iced tea myself. Simple syrup’s over there. If you want to ruin it, go ahead.
Some people would get turned off by this, others would be downright pissed. But this is exactly what I like in a business, and it’s why I eat there at least once a week.
John’s singular, uncompromising vision is why the food is so damned great. He’s not trying to make a restaurant that makes everyone happy; he built a place that he’d want to eat at, and if you don’t like it, piss off.
The same goes for the web. I’d rather use a service that has a strong, single-minded vision, even if some of the decisions aren’t exactly how I’d want them, than a washed-out, milquetoast service created by committee, designed to meet market demand, that tries to make everybody happy.
Another way to put it: if someone out there doesn’t hate your product, it’s probably not worth using.
Over at the Expert Labs blog, I did some digging into the unusually large response to the President’s first tweet on @whitehouse during the Twitter Town Hall. In the process, I played around using Twitter Lists as tags, some phrase analysis, and more fun with charts.
I’m cross-posting it below, for posterity. Hope you enjoy it!
During the Twitter Town Hall collaboration with the White House, President Obama posted a single tweet to @whitehouse, asking this question:
This was historic for two reasons: it was the first time that a President has ever posted directly to a social network from the White House. Second, it was the first time the President’s directly asked for feedback from users of a social network.
There was some great analysis of the Twitter Town Hall activity, including TwitSprout’s infographics and Radian6’s detailed postmortem on Wednesday. Both focused on the #askobama questions that were asked before and during the Town Hall. Using ThinkUp’s data collecting responses to the President’s first tweet, I’d like to focus specifically on responses to the President’s question above.
We’ve been using ThinkUp to archive and analyze the White House’s Twitter account since May 1, 2009 and, as we’ve shared before, have gathered a pretty amazing corpus for analysis. With that, it’s useful to see how people responded to this new kind of personal, inquisitive behavior relative to past activity.
The short version: the response to the President’s tweet drew more than three times the number of responses as the nearest runner-up, and more than six times more replies than anything posted in the last year. There were over 1,850 responses to his deficit question, topping the two Grand Challenges questions from April 2010 combined. You can see them all on the White House’s ThinkUp.
By comparison, the chart below shows the top ten most-replied tweets since the White House started using Twitter.
|1,857||in order to reduce the deficit,what costs would you cut and what investments would you keep – bo||2011 July 6|
|583||What Grand Challenge should be on our Nation’s to-do list? Reply w/your idea now! http://bit.ly/dy9fkL #whgc||2010 April 14|
|461||The next Apollo program or human genome project? Respond w/a Grand Challenge our Nation should address: http://bit.ly/b1Fyq9 #whgc||2010 April 12|
|286||The President, VP, national security team get updated on mission against Osama bin Laden in the Sit Room, 5/1/11 http://twitpic.com/4si89t||2011 May 2|
|200||Today, there are over 20k border patrol agents — double the number in 2004. Send thoughts on #immigration reform our way.||2011 May 7|
|172||Obama’s long form birth certificate released so that America can move on to real issues that matter to our future http://goo.gl/fNmdR||2011 April 27|
|165||President Obama just presented a parody movie trailer @ the #WHCD Enjoy: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=508aCh2eVOI||2011 May 1|
|150||Reply to us w/ your questions for top WH policy folks, we’ll take some in our online panel right after #SOTU at http://wh.gov||2011 January 25|
|129||President Obama on the phone with President Hosni Mubarak of Egypt in the Oval Office, VP Biden listens http://twitpic.com/3ubl1u||2011 January 29|
|122||President Obama on Libya: “I refused to wait for the images of slaughter and mass graves before taking action” Full video: http://wh.gov/aDC||2011 March 29|
It’s worth noting that eight out of the top 10 most replied were all posted in the last six months, suggesting that the White House’s New Media team is increasing its effectiveness in engaging its audience on Twitter, even as that audience grows.
This tweet was the most effective the White House has ever been at drawing a behavior response from its followers. This is interesting, because it differs from typical tweets in two ways:
- It is personal (using the President’s “- bo” signature)
- It asks a concrete question
While some of the response could be attributed to the focus on the Twitter event, it’s likely that continuing this question-answer process with a personal touch leads to deeper and richer engagement.
Who talks to @whitehouse?
To help determine the subject expertise for each of the respondents, I used the Twitter API to retrieve the lists that each person belonged to. My hope was that the list names could act as tags, like on Delicious or Flickr, to help group and categorize individuals.
Because lists are often used for personal use, the most frequently-used list names include some unhelpful ones like “friends” and “people,” but many can be used as useful categories like “politics,” “writers,” and “tech.” Here’s a Wordle of the top 100 most frequently used.
These lists let us examine the responses from different facets. Here are the top five responses from people most tagged with “politics” or “political”:
|mommadona||mommadona||.@whitehouse War, as a political tool, is no longer an option in the 21st Century. Make it so. #ASKOBAMA #dem #p2 #p21|
|lheal||Loren Heal||@whitehouse Investments? You mean spending. When the government spends, it crowds out private investment rather than encouraging it.|
|tlanehudson||Lane Hudson||@whitehouse Fair tax based on ability to pay. End war spending.|
|SeamusCampbell||Seamus Campbell||@whitehouse Police forces for each cabinet-level department #askobama|
|lisalways||lisalways||@whitehouse Peacetime defense should be cut, minimize war in Afg & end soon. Stop Bush Tax cuts. Push hard for advance on infrastructure|
Compare that to people tagged with “tech” or “technology”:
|colonelb||David Britten||@whitehouse Eliminate the federal department of education and return education to the states. #askobama|
|sharonburton||Sharon Burton||@whitehouse Health and education are the conditions for prosperity. Cut tax benefits to corporations. They benefit from the conditions.|
|TotalTraining||Total Training||@whitehouse less international support and wars more focus on domestic concerns like education for the young and old|
|atkauffman||andrew kauffman||@whitehouse costs need to be those that citizens do not need, loopholes, high costs of congress etc investments in learning and CHILDREN|
As you’d expect, the responses are very different from people tagged “green”:
|LynnHasselbrgr||Lynn Hasselberger||@whitehouse cut defense, big oil subsidies, tax extension on wealthiest, corp tax loopholes. Invest in teachers + cleanenergy #AskObama|
|CBJgreennews||Susan Stabley||. @whitehouse Will you support the end of government subsidies for oil and energy companies, esp. those that have record profits? #askObama|
|ladyaia||Susan Welker, AIA||@whitehouse Money given to farmers of GMO products and more support of organic farmers. Our health costs would be reduced by better food.|
|SmartHomes||Daniel Byrne(Smarty)||@whitehouse jobs and budget fix: massive release of oil from strategic reserve to lower oil price. Effect: No cost stimulus package 4 every1|
|dcgrrl||DC Grrl||@whitehouse I would definitely cut subsidies to energy companies, and I’d keep infrastructure and education investments. #askobama|
It’s surprising how useful these results are, considering how limited Twitter Lists are exposed throughout the interface. This suggests that Twitter List memberships can be a useful measure of determining a user’s authority in subject areas, which we’ll be looking into for ThinkUp.
When asked where to reduce spending, 479 people (about 25%) included some variation of “war,” “defense” or “military.” Other popular suggestions included raising taxes/ending the Bush-era tax cuts (11%) and tax subsidies for oil companies and farming (6%). People seemed to be evenly split between those who want to protect Medicare and Social Security and those who want to see it overhauled.
With regards to where to invest for the future, the most popular was education, with about 17% of responses including terms like “education,” “school” or “teachers.” 6% want to see renewed investments in energy, 5% on infrastructure projects, and 2% in health care. (Surprisingly, only 15 people mentioned decriminalizing marijuana.)
For us, it’s been fascinating to see an American President use social media to directly ask questions and get answers. We hope other government agencies are taking note of how powerful the combination of a direct question, authentic voice, and an audience can be for democracy. And these lessons extend to the private sector, as well: every company can learn how to better interact with their community from this national experiment in democracy.
The next step, of course, is to make sure those answers are useful enough to inform decision-making. If our representatives are listening, and people feel they’re being heard, everyone benefits.
We’re happy for people to reuse our findings. Any questions about these results can be addressed to [email protected].